RazakSAT’s mission plan will be carried out by Malaysia engineers. Control operations will be conducted through Malaysian National Space Agency ’s Ground Station in Banting, Selangor and ground station in Shah Alam, Selangor consisting of a Mission Control Station (MCS) and Image Receiving and Processing Station (IRPS). Another Malaysian ground station which would be able to receive images from the satellite is the Remote Sensing Malaysia groundstation in Temerloh, Pahang. The IRPS will receive and archive images for post processing and distribution to the users.
RazakSAT is unusual as it was placed at Near equatorial orbit (NEqO); unlike many other satellites of its kind that are placed on Sun-Synchronous Orbit (SSO). RazakSAT’s orbitalinclination will coincide with the latitude of its launch at Kwajalein, and that of the northernmost extent of Malaysia. Thus its launch will be nearly due east and quite efficient.
This is especially important because Malaysia is usually covered by the equatorial cloud bands. Normal sun-synchronous optical satellites, which may re-visit an area only once every 14 days, will almost never be able to see the ground during their pass. As a result, much optical imagery of Malaysia is years out of date.
Razaksat, on the other hand, will revisit some part of Malaysian territory every 90 minutes, maximising its ability to exploit gaps in the clouds, and substantially improving coverage of the country as a result.
RazakSAT satellite is Malaysia’s second remote sensing satellite after TiungSAT-1.
Initially, its called MACSAT, RazakSAT’s payload is mainly electro-optical, carrying a Medium-sized Aperture Camera (MAC) which is a pushbroom camera with five linear detectors (one panchromatic, four multi-spectral); weighing approximately 50 kg while the whole satellite weighs at about 180 kg.
Then, our Prime Minister, Dr. Mahathir renamed the satellite to RazakSAT in tribute to the second Prime Minister of Malaysia, Abdul Razak or known as the “Bapa Pembangunan Malaysia” (Father of Malaysian Development) for his contribution to Malaysia’s development.